Big Data R

Multinomial Logistic Regression Modelling Platform

In statistics, multinomial logistic regression is a classification method that generalizes logistic regression to multiclass problems, i.e. with more than two possible discrete outcomes.[1] That is, it is a model that is used to predict the probabilities of the different possible outcomes of a categorically distributed dependent variable, given a set of independent variables (which may be real-valued, binary-valued, categorical-valued, etc.).

Multinomial logistic regression is known by a variety of other names, including polytomous LR,[2][3]multiclass LR, softmax regression, multinomial logit, maximum entropy (MaxEnt) classifier, conditional maximum entropy model.[4]

Multinomial logistic regression is used when the dependent variable in question is nominal (equivalently categorical, meaning that it falls into any one of a set of categories which cannot be ordered in any meaningful way) and for which there are more than two categories. Some examples would be:

  • Which major will a college student choose, given their grades, stated likes and dislikes, etc.?
  • Which blood type does a person have, given the results of various diagnostic tests?
  • In a hands-free mobile phone dialing application, which person's name was spoken, given various properties of the speech signal?
  • Which candidate will a person vote for, given particular demographic characteristics?
  • Which country will a firm locate an office in, given the characteristics of the firm and of the various candidate countries?

These are all statistical classification problems. They all have in common a dependent variable to be predicted that comes from one of a limited set of items which cannot be meaningfully ordered, as well as a set of independent variables (also known as features, explanators, etc.), which are used to predict the dependent variable. Multinomial logistic regression is a particular solution to the classification problem that assumes that a linear combination of the observed features and some problem-specific parameters can be used to determine the probability of each particular outcome of the dependent variable. The best values of the parameters for a given problem are usually determined from some training data (e.g. some people for whom both the diagnostic test results and blood types are known, or some examples of known words being spoken).


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